105th  Amendment  Bill  2021: Mandal  Commission

Author: Shivani Agrawal

The  Mandal  Commission,  also  known  as  the  Socially  and  Educationally  Backward  Groups  Commission  (SEBC),  was  founded  in  India  in  1979  by  the  Janata  Party  government,  led  by  Prime  Minister  Morarji  Desai,  with  the  purpose  of  “identifying  India’s  socially  or  educationally  backward  classes.

The Fate of Secularism in India

Author: Laiba Tahreem

Secularism in India has been a subject of discussion from a long time. The word “Secular” got introduced in the Preamble by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976 along with “Socialist” and “Integrity”. Even although, the word secular isn’t always described anywhere in the charter but the Secular nature of Indian Constitution be inferred from proper to freedom of religion cited in Part III. Secularism in general words can be described as a ‘Secular State is one that does not have a religion of its own and treat every religions equally.’  The Indian Secularism is neither anti-religious like some of the socialist or communist constitutions, nor does it creates a wall of separation between the State and the religion alike the US.