New Education Policy 2021

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What is the New Education Policy 2021

Extra-curricular, professional streams in schools, literacy, and numeracy will be given major importance, Academic streams will continue the same. With the new policy, vocational education will begin with training from class 6th. Teaching in Mother tongue or regionally made compulsory till class 5th. Comprehensive 360-degree progress card introduced for tracking student progress to achieve learning outcomes etc included.

Who created NEP? 2020-21

Suggestions were taken by the Ministry from the panel of experts by former ISRO chief  Kasturirangan, considering every issue from school to college to employment.

Highlights of the New Education Policy[1]

  • Except for medical and law colleges, all higher education institutes will be governed by a single regulator.
  • Termination of MPhil. courses.
  • Application and knowledge-based board examination implemented.
  • The same norms will govern both the public and private higher education institutes.
  • Teaching in Mother tongue or regionally made compulsory till class 5th.
  • Common entrance exams for higher education institutes and universities.
  • Core concepts to be given more focus in the school curriculum.
  • Vocational education will begin with training from class 6th.
  • 10+2 study culture discontinue and new structure of 5+3+3+4 will be followed, subjecting to the respective age group of 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years.

Content, Curriculum, and Pedagogy

5+3+3+4 curriculum structure introduced to replace 10+2 structure corresponding to ages 3-8,8-11,11-14,14-18 years old respectively.

Three years of Anganwadi or pre-school included 12 years of education.

Teaching methods, content must be per National Curriculum Framework and contents must reconsidered to modify books.

The New School Education Structure, 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 Foundation Formula

  • The new curriculum will be prepared for these 5 years, three years of Anganwadi or pre-school, and then the next two years 1st and 2nd classes in school. It will focus on activity learning, it will cover 3-8 years old children. In this way, 5 years will be completed.
  • Class 3-5 will be considered as the preparatory stage. At this stage, children will be taught through experiments like science, mathematics, arts, etc.

Children from 8-11 ages will be covered under this stage.

  • Class 6-8 will be considered as the middle stage. Children from ages 11-14 will cover subject-based classes. Skill development courses will be covered at this stage.
  • Class 9th-12th will be considered as the secondary stage. Freedom to choose a subject will be provided at this stage. Subjects will be studied as intensive.

Details about The New Education Policy In India[2]

National Education Policy is introduced to enhance the quality of education equally for strengthening India as the global superpower.

The NEP was drafted by a panel of experts by former ISRO chief Kasturirangan, considering every issue from school to college to employment.

  1. Single Regulations For All Levels Of School Education:
    The main focus is on providing education access to all levels from pre-school to higher education. This will include:
    1. The learning level of students will be tracked.
      • Innovative education centres to bring back dropouts by innovative methods.
      • Infrastructure support.
      • Social workers and trained counsellors will be introduced.
      • Formal and non-formal modes of education are introduced to adapt to the situation.
      • NIOS will provide open learning and open public schools to Grade 3, 5, and 8.
      • vocational courses introduction in the school.
  • New Curriculum For Early Childhood Care And Education:

5+3+3+4 curriculum structure introduced to replace 10+2 structure corresponding to ages 3-8,8-11,11-14,14-18 years old respectively. Three years of Anganwadi or pre-school included 12 years of education. The key points are:

  • NCERT for children up to 8 years old will create National Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education (NCPFECCE). 
    • Anganwadis and pre-schools will focus on Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE).
    • Teachers of pre-school and workers of Anganwadi will be trained in ECCE pedagogy and programs. 
    • ECCE will be collectively administered by Ministries of Human Resource Development, Health and Family Welfare (HFW), Women and Child Development (WCD).
  • Changes In School Curriculum And Pedagogy:
    The School curriculum and pedagogy will be developed for the development of the student. The new curriculum will include:
    • Key skills development.
    • Will enhance practical, critical, and experimental thinking.
    • Previous curriculum content will be reduced.
    • Subject choosing flexibility
    • Science, Commerce, Maths will have no more discrimination.
    • The same importance will be given to Co-curricular activities and vocational activities and academic streams.
    • Internships and will be given from class 6th onwards for a vocational program.
    • NCERT will create NCFSE 2020-21 (National Curricular Framework For School Education).
  • Promoting Regional/Local Language:
    The regional language will be given more importance by introducing it as the medium of instruction till class 5th or 8th. At all levels of school, Sanskrit will be given 3rd optional subject option. Other languages will also be available as optional subjects. Other foreign languages will be taught at the secondary stage. Indian Sign Language will be made and hearing impairments students will be getting newly developed content and method.
  • Assessment Reforms:
    Summative assessment will be replaced with regular and formative assessment. This system is competency-based and will result in student’s development and learning skills. Analytical, critical, and conceptual thinking will be given main importance. 3rd, 5th, 8th class exams will be taken by the competent authority. 10th and 12th classes will have the board exam but the pattern will be on the integral development of the student. Standard-setting body PARAKH (Performance, Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development will be introduced.
  • Equitable and Inclusive Education:
    The education policy aims at bringing equity amongst people. Socially Economically Disadvantaged groups will be given importance. This will work on:
    • Gender Inclusion Fund.
    • Special education zones for disadvantaged sections or regions.
    • Specialized teachers for regular schooling of disabled people will be appointed.
    • Disabled students taking up regular schooling, training, accommodations, appropriate technology.
    • “Bal Bhavans” States/districts advised to set up day-boarding schools for participation in extra activities that will be career and play related.
  • Changes in The Process Of Teacher’s Recruitment:
    Teacher’s promotions will be based on a merit basis and selections will be based on a transparent system. NCTE by 2022 in deliberation with NCERT, teachers and expert organizations, and SCERT at all levels and regions will create Common National Professional Standards.
  • Standard Setting And Accreditation Program:
    Clear and distinct systems provided by new education policy for university policy, operations and formulation, regulation. Independent Public-School Standards Authority (SSSA) will be created by State/UT. For public accountability and oversight, a new body called the School Quality Assessment and Accreditation Framework be created by SCERT.

Changes Introduced in Higher Education[3]

  • 50% Increase In GER:
    By 2035 GER Gross Enrolment Ratio will increase to 50% from 26.3% by NEP aiming at increasing the GER. 3.5 crore new seats will be made available according to the NEP.
  • Overall Multidisciplinary Education:
    More flexible options will be available to enter and exit a course, the focus will be emphasized on vocational education, more options to choose subjects will be available, provides broad-based undergraduate education with flexibility in study plans

The policy provides more options in choosing the subjects, including and focusing more on vocational education, and more flexibility to enter and exit the course with authorized certification. Options to choose the number of years as per their requirement ranging from 1-4 years will be available.

  • Regulations:
    A single and comprehensive coordinating body for all higher education i.e.  Higher Education Commission of India will be established, except for medical and legal education. Four independent verticals of HECI: 
    • The National Council for the Regulation of Higher Education for regulation.
    • The General Council of Education for standardization.
    • The Council for Higher Education Grants for funding.
    • The National Accreditation Council for accreditation. 


Institutions not following the norms will be penalized by HECI which will operate through online mode through technology.

Institutional Architecture:
Defining a university can allow the creation of a range of establishments starting from research-intensive universities to education-intensive universities and freelance degree-granting schools.

University membership ought to be phased come in fifteen years and a progressive mechanism ought to be placed in situ to grant progressive autonomy to universities. Over time, every university associate degree anticipated becoming a freelance degree-granting university or a university that constitutes a university

  • Teacher Training:
    For teacher training, a new educational framework will be formed by NCTE with NCERT consultation. Teachers will require a minimum B.Ed. degree of 4 years for teaching in any institution by 2030. Actions will be taken on institutions not following the norms against lower quality.
  • Open And Distance Learning:
    GER will be given importance by increasing open and distance learning. Based on credits measures will be taken such as digital repositories, research funding, online courses, student service improvement for keeping the highest standard of education and quality of education.
  • Online education and digital education:
    Continuous importance is provided in National Education Policy for the promotion of online education in the wake of the COVID outbreak to ensure the proper and best alternative of education mode to students from anywhere to anywhere.

Special unit for continuous development of digital content and infrastructure for future goals for e-education for higher education and schools.

  • Vocational Education:
    All types of activity education and coaching are going to be an elementary part of the upper education system, to strengthen the bottom of the scholars for various professions. associate berth of ten days in a very year also will be provided to the scholars in native vocations in step with the world or region. Autonomous medical, legal, agriculture aims to become multidisciplinary establishments.
  • Financial Education:
    State govt. and center govt. will work together to promote public investment in the education sector aims at increasing GDP to 6% higher.

4-year under graduation program[4]

More flexible options will be available to enter and exit a course, the focus will be emphasized on vocational education, more options to choose subjects will be available, provides broad-based undergraduate education with flexibility in study plans. The policy provides more options in choosing the subjects, including and focusing more on vocational education, and more flexibility to enter and exit the course with authorized certification. Options to choose the number of years as per their requirement ranging from 1-4 years will be available.

Academic Bank of Credit[5]

UGC has introduced a choice-based credit system to National Education Policy, under this system students will earn credits for each course they opt for during the degree program. Academic Bank of Credit is proposed by National Education Policy where digital credits earned by students for courses they studied will be deposited. Academic Bank of Credit is expected to have a flexible entry and exit system as well as multidisciplinary in higher education.

Student’s deposit of credit should help to move laterally from one institution to another based on credit score. Designating credits to every course would conjointly mean that courses or comes in areas like community engagement and repair, environmental education, sciences, arithmetic, art, sports, and value-based education would shape. This, per the NEP, would go a protracted means in “attainment of a holistic and multidisciplinary education”.

National Entrance Test[6]

 Another proposal that can change education experience is a single university exam to be conducted by National Testing Agency. If it is implemented students will not have to attempt multiple exams for admission. This will enable universities to have a common entrance exam instead of having multiple exams for each university. It will also reduce the burden on students, universities, and colleges, and the entire education system.

Continuous Professional Development (CPD)[7]

Every teacher will have to participate in the Continuous Professional Development program for at least 50 hours every year for their development by their interest. Outstanding teachers will be allowed to handle and manage the program and train others and will be given leadership opportunities.

CPD opportunities will cover:

Latest pedagogies concerning foundational acquisition & acquirement. Formative & accommodative assessment of learning outcomes, competency-based learning & connected pedagogies. Platforms are developed for lecturers to share ideas/best practices.

Knowledge of India – Tribal, Indigenous, Traditional ways of learning will be covered in the school curriculum. Ancient India’s contribution to Modern India will be covered scientifically in the school curriculum. A Course on the Indian Knowledge System will be made available as an elective to the student in secondary education.

Mental and Physical health and well-being of students Weight of school bags will be reduced. Proper Health check-ups, proper counsellors will be provided. Caring culture to be adopted at schools. Healthy meals and well-trained social workers, community involvement into the schooling system to be adopted. 

NO HARD SEPARATIONS There will be no discrimination based on subjects as arts & sciences, curricular, co-curricular & extra-curricular, vocational & academic streams. This will allow students to choose their path in life according to their interests and talent.

LOK VIDYA Through vocational education courses lok vidya will be introduced. As the name suggests, with ‘Lok Vidya‘ in place students will learn vocational Indian knowledge. Vocational education will be introduced into the schools in a phased manner in the coming time.

PARAKH, Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development it’s a body that will set standards for a student’s evaluation & help school to adapt to the changing requirements of the present time.

Internationalization of education: India will be promoted as a global study hub with the best and affordable education. Good performing universities will be allowed to set up their campus outside India also and similarly, good universities will be allowed to operate in India.

Indian Sign Language (ISL) A curriculum will be developed for the disabled student to learn through sign language and all the regional and other sign languages will be given importance.

Boarding and girl safety:  Free boarding facilities will be developed into the schools where students come from far and if they are economically backward they will be provided with free and safe boarding facility especially girls.

New Education Policy 2021-22: Latest News Updates [8]

Changes in students report card accessing – Self, Classmates, Teacher will have students report card so this will introduce three level of report card accessing. Draft NEP was introduced in 2019 because it gained fast appreciation furthermore as intense criticism. presently the proposal to create the Hindi language one among the indispensable languages was rejected. Then the draft was placed into the general public domain and suggestions were invited from individuals and every one stakeholder concerning policy.

How to implement the National Education Policy 2020 21[9]

  • Incentives for stakeholders so that implementation is smooth and standardized to successfully implement the NEP at all levels, the government will need to create
  • Formulating tools in the form of legal, policy, regulatory and institutional mechanisms.
  • Providing reliable information repositories.
  • Develop resilience across higher education institutions, regulators, and government agencies.
  • Through transparent procedures and the participation of all stakeholders.
  • Principle of sound management.

Schools can so have to be compelled to redefine the teaching associated learning method for the correct implementation of NEP 2020 twenty-one to truly witness a path of transformation to realize an exceptional result.


[1] https://taxila.in/blog/the-new-education-policy-in-india/

[2] https://taxila.in/blog/the-new-education-policy-in-india/

[3] https://taxila.in/blog/the-new-education-policy-in-india/

[4] https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/national-education-policy-delhi-university-fyup-7474539/

[5] https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/national-education-policy-delhi-university-fyup-7474539/

[6] https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/national-education-policy-delhi-university-fyup-7474539/

[7] https://teachersbadi.in/national-education-policy-draft-in-telugu-send-suggestions-for-nep-draf/

[8] https://sarkarireader.com/new-education-policy/

[9] https://sarkarireader.com/new-education-policy/

Author: Yuvraj Singh Yadav (Maharaja Agrasen College Rohini Delhi)

Editor: Kanishka VaishSenior Editor, LexLife India.

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