What is novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19)? Where it was first identified? What is the second wave of COVID-19? And the scenario of the post COVID world.
“Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.
Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.
The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is to be well informed about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes and how it spreads. Protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol based sanitizer rub frequently and not touching your face.
The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory etiquette” (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).
Coronavirus disease 2019 (covid-19) is defined as illness caused by a novel corona virus called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV2) which was first identified amid an outbreak of respiratory illness cases in Wuhan city, Hubei province china. Later it got spread across the whole world and affected each and every country in different ways, first china was only fighting this dangerous virus but later on along with china every country started fighting against this virus. Covid-19 has affected everyone’s day to day life and slowed down the global economy. This pandemic has affected thousands of people, who are either sick or being killed due to the spread of this disease. It also affected business world trade movement and many people lost their job and became unemployed, not only business this virus has also affected everyone’s mental health too including degree of fear, worry and concern groups in particular age such as older adults, health Care providers and people with underlying health conditions.
Together we stand as one, all countries united together to fought this deadly virus but yet we are still fighting, fighting with not just pandemic but with our financial problems, mental problems, health issues and with education. Coronavirus has affected each and every sector.
Now coming to the symptoms, common symptoms of this infection may be in the form of respiratory symptoms such as- fever, dry cough, tiredness, loss of taste and smell, headache, tiredness etc. The symptoms may look normal but it’s just opposite.
According to the sources on May 14 2021 we have a total number of 16.1 crore cases in the world in total, united states (US) leading with 3.29 crore and second is India with 2.4 crore cases in total.
COVID-19 in India:-
Talking about India, we found the very first case of covid-19 infection in Kerala, India on January 27, 2020 a 20 year old female but we were still living normally till 22nd march 2020 when life took a turn and no body see that coming that their lives are going to change completely when PM of India announced a Janta curfew with total of 361 cases to stop the spread of covid-19 but later on the evening of 22nd march a complete 21 days lockdown was announced. Starting from 23rd march to 13th April (phase 1) but the lockdown got extended till 31st may and we finally got rid of the lockdown on 31st may and unlock 1.0 happened on 1st June. With this on supreme court of India directed the state governments, union territories to constitute high powered committees to determine the class of prisoners who can be released on parole or on interim bail for appropriate periods and to return back on time also. After that citizens of India started living in the new normal and never faced lockdown again. We were succeeding in defeating this deadly virus and cases just started to drop off and everything was starting be normal again until the second wave hit India.
Second wave of COVID-19:-
India was not ready to face this second wave of covid-19 in this way but covid-19 second wave has destroyed and is destroying India in every possible way. Cases increased and reached peak with 2.17 lakh cases on April 15 2021 but by mid-February 2021 India was counting an average of 11,000 cases a day. The average of daily deaths from the disease has slide down to below 100. Government of India believed that India was truly out of the woods and even in December officials announced that India was beating the Corona infection curve. Even Mr. Modi was called as “vaccine guru” but the second wave is Soo devastating, disastrous.
Sharp rise in cases:-
The rise in case numbers has been significantly in the second wave the number of cases crossed the 4lakh mark for the first time on April 30th, but just after crossing 4.14 lakh cases the case count had gone down for a few days. The seven day average peaked at 3.91 lakh on May 8 and has begun to decline. The main contribution in this situation is of Maharashtra, it was contributing more than 60% of daily cases, like Maharashtra, Delhi also seems to have reached a peak but now both the states are in declining phase. The decline in Maharashtra is likely to have the biggest impact on the national curve: but the rise in other states like Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and west Bengal has shown a rise in the number of cases these states are in ascendant phase right now.
Shortage of beds:-
Coming to the second most problems Indians faced during this second wave of covid-19 was the shortage of beds, many Indian cities reported chronic shortage of hospital beds including supply of oxygen, many innocent people lost their lives due to not getting oxygen or bed on time. Badly affected cities like Delhi, Mumbai and Ahmedabad have almost run out of hospital beds, many have to wait in long queues for 5-6 hours to get one oxygen cylinder refilled The situation got worsen day by day and it’s going to be a “daunting task” for the government to get such facilities up and running and ensure good quality of care in a short span of time.
Another pain this second wave gave us is the daily deaths the numbers of daily deaths has risen sharply in the second wave. India reported the toll to over 180000 since the pandemic began. Crematoriums have been running day and night in several cities and people have to wait for hours to get the deceased cremated or buried, along with this there are signs of unreported deaths, there are several reasons for this, one of them is that many people are dying at home because of not getting hospital beds and appropriate treatment or care that a corona patient must get.
Technology and safety protocols:-
Invasive technology was employed to create lists of persons suspected to be infected with COVID-19. Drones were deployed to monitor compliance by quarantined individuals. Smartphone applications are being used for detection and contact-tracing. One particular application, is now required to be downloaded by all persons employed in workplaces, even though it’s not good to invade in anyone’s privacy.
Other legal challenges include a Supreme Court ruling on health care workers (HCW). The Supreme Court directed the Government to provide PPE kits to health care workers, but did not provide for any form of compliance monitoring of its own orders.
And the Supreme Court ruled that private hospitals must also admit non-COVID-19 emergency patients. In practice, however, private hospitals have not been admitting non-COVID-19 emergency patients.
But it’s ‘never too late’ to take measures. We need to strengthen safety protocols and rapidly vaccinate everyone and also keep an eye on mutations. If we do all this, we could reduce numbers significantly.
Vaccination program in India:-
In December 2020, Government of India said that India is getting rid of covid-19 without even having a vaccination program, but the table turns Soo quickly that India started the vaccination program to battle the second wave of covid-19 on 16th January 2021(123 days ago), as of 18th may 2021, India has dealt with 185,809,302 doses overall, including first and second doses of the currently approved vaccines. The vaccine focuses on immunization of Indians against covid-19 with a total budget of ₹35,000 crore. The vaccination program is organized by government of India, state government of India and Indian council of medical research.
The two vaccines got their approval for the emergency use in India at the very beginning of the vaccination program are:-
1) Covishield, 2) Covaxin
Covishield is a brand of the oxford-astrazeneca vaccine manufactured by the serum institute of India and got approved on 1st January 2021 and covaxin is developed by Bharat biotech and got its approval on 2nd January 2021 even though it had not yet complete phase 3 trials by the drug controller general of India (DCGI). the first round of vaccine covered the age group of above 60 or between the age group of 45-60 through online registration on Aarogya setu app and the Cowin website– http://www.cowin.gov.in
The next round of vaccination covered the age group of 18-45 starting from 1st may 2021. Out of 100%, 89.55% population of India is unvaccinated, 2.97% got vaccinated with both doses and 7.49% vaccinated only with one dose. Also on 12 April 2021, a Russian vaccine sputnik V was approved as a third vaccine for India and will come under process by late May 2021
On 1st may, India received its first purchase of sputnik V vaccine with an estimate of 15.6 crore doses and it will come in action soon.
Aid from foreign countries:-
In these harsh times, over 40 countries came forward to help India in the fight against Covid-19
India received support from these 40 power countries mainly includes the US (United States), Russia, France, Germany, provided urgently needed items mostly oxygen related equipment and medicines to help the country to fought the deadly second wave of Covid-19 infection.
“Two Russian military transport aircraft flew in 20 oxygen production plants, ventilators and 200,000 medicine packs, while three special flights from the US were expected to bring in raw materials for Covid-19 vaccines, oxygen generating equipment and oxygen concentrators”
Post covid-19 world:-
Now coming to the post covid-19 world scenario it would be very difficult for everybody to recover from this and start a new life because the loss people suffered in this pandemic will never get recovered. People lost their loved ones, jobs, education, and so on. The world after covid-19 is unlikely to return to the world that it was. Many of the problems we will face after this pandemic will simply be more extreme versions of those that we already confront today.
Challenges of covid-19:-
The world will be different in many ways economically, socially, financially and health wise. Developing countries with low GDP growth, higher debt, and dependence on oil and essential technologies will find it hard to maintain independent foreign policies. IT will play a major role in all aspects of life in education, e-governance, commerce, health and artificial intelligence. We have read news report of healthcare workers working 24*7 to battle covid-19 at a very great risk to their lives. Some of them are staying in hospitals straight 5-6 days or weeks away from their families and doing their job with full dedication. But they can’t continue to work in a state of high alert forever while putting themselves in danger. The stress due to the covid-19 on our health Care system needs to come down and take some rest, break after all this gets over. Considering the current situation all the summer Olympics, IPL, major trade conventions and all foreign trips, vacations to India’s economy has come to an end due to covid-19. Post covid-19 world on India will experience all this again, it will take time but indeed everything will get back to normal just like the quote-” this too shall pass” but yes after the lockdown our lives will no longer be the same. There will be radical changes in how we work, commute, socialize and communicate.
Talking about socializing, after covid-19 there were visuals from every country that they all ditched the handshake and used the ‘Namaste‘ greeting. This greeting is only used in India that does involve contact with the other person just same like a handshake and even after covid-19 struck this greeting will be followed because of the fear of socializing and being normal again.
We have changed the way we used to learn, with school and colleges shut, there is a lot of interest around online classes, teachers across the world are using the power of the Internet to deliver educational content to a student’s house.
Real time online classes are being held on apps like zoom that have ensured that the absence of a physical classroom does not stop the learning of students. This could change the way students learn in a school or college after the pandemic ends but coming back to going to school or colleges or work will be challenging task for each and everybody.
Covid-19 has taught us one good thing that is to maintain very high standards of personal hygiene. People are now understanding how simple acts like washing hands with soap and water may save their lives. We have always taken maintaining personal hygiene casually but covid-19 has changed this completely in the past few months and this change is something that it going to stay for a long time to come or permanently. With maintaining personal hygiene people have started maintaining environmental hygiene too. In India, it is common to see spit stains on government buildings, railway stations and roads. While the government tried to spread awareness by putting up posters and even imposing fines, no one cared, but now everyone has to wear masks in public places and maintain personal hygiene, now spitting could be a thing of past and hope it stayed in the past forever
With all the lockdown restrictions we experience another good thing that was our mother nature was healing by itself and ozone also, we all experienced better air quality and breathe into fresh air but that also for a couple of months only we again experience poor air quality. The covid-19 pandemic has brought us closer than even before. Everyone got united in all efforts to fight this deadly virus. This thought that we may lose it if we are not careful has made us more appreciate of the present and thankful for what we have.
Made us be more grateful each and every day
While we may be in lockdown at present we should prepare ourselves mentally for the change going to take place post-COVID this will help us adapt and emerge as stronger individuals to a world together with positive energy and strength.
 Information by world health organization (WHO).
 Narendra Damodardas Modi
 23rd march 2020
 Aarogya setu is an Indian covid-19 contact tracing mobile app, which help us to be aware of how many people surrounding us are infected by covid-19 infection
 Information, as of 18th May 2021
 -Information by Hindustan times
Author: Anchal kashyap from JEMTEC School of Law.