Analysis: Draft National Education Policy

Reading time: 6-8 minutes.

Knowledge is the union of the teacher and the parents in which the teacher subjugates the parents. People are in dilemma whether education is the only source which furnishes knowledge.

But education and knowledge are totally different aspects. Education is the process of gaining information while knowledge is the ability of interpreting that information. Education starts as soon as the child is born. Parents being the first teacher of a child after the birth try to inculcate basic skill and linguistic knowledge in their mother tongue itself.

Children in their preschool should embark on their journey of education in their own mother tongue. Learn through play and not be subjected to tests of any kind, says the NCERT’s first-ever preschool curriculum.

India, a multilingual country has been taken into consideration by the NCERT and say that schools should use bilingual or multilingual environment for smooth transition. Guidelines of NCERT also emphasize that preschool must eschew the formal instructions at early stage.

NCERT says that assessment at preschool level should be directed towards learning new skills and focus on a child’s strength and not on their deficits. Individual assessment of children is set forth in guidelines through informal and meticulous observation of their play and activities.

“On no account, should children be made to take any form of test or examination either oral or written.  The purpose of evaluation at the preschool stage is not to label a child as ‘pass’ or ‘fail’,” says the curriculum.

Salient features of Draft NEP:

The policy focus on the key aspects of all the levels of the education. Those are:-

  1. Technological Advancement: Use of advanced technology in educating a child will help in learning and evaluating new things easily through improved teaching. Setting up of National Educational Technological Forum (NETF) will be a platform for the free exchange of ideas on use of technology to improve learning, assessment, planning and administration. 
  • Amalgamation of Vocational Education: Vocational education must be an integral part of all education. Policy aims at giving vocational education to minimum of 50% people learning by 2025.
  • Framework for youth and adult education: To increase the adult literacy rate in rural as well as urban areas, the framework for education is stipulated in which every literate person from the community has to teach at least one person to read. Policy aims at 100% literacy of adults by 2030.
  • Boosting linguistic culture of India: Total of 22 official languages and 720 dialects in the country, it is tough to preserve them in just a single policy. But still the policy ensures for the preservation, growth and vibrancy of all Indian languages.
  • Improvement in School Education: Building the foundation of children by strengthening the basic education. The Right to Education Act (RTE) has been extended up to grade 12. Curricular framework for children to be based on structure – 5+3+3+4 design.
  • Advancing towards Higher education: Establishing high quality liberal education by restructuring and consolidating the institutions into three types of institutions – Research Universities, Teaching Universities and Autonomous degree granting college.
  • National Research Foundation: The foundation will significantly increase research and innovation in four major subjects. These works will be beneficially linked with the government through special prizes for outstanding researches.
  • Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog: For execution an inspiring leadership is required and thus chaired by Prime Minister in apex body (National Education Commission). Aayog will work closely with every state to ensure coordination and synergy.

Significance of this draft:

          The policy is a revolution in itself. Various major changes in education sector are being brought up in the purview of this policy. The RTE Act is been amended in which school education which will cover children of 3-18 years. It covers three years in early childhood care education (ECCE) and four years in secondary education. The perfect blend of education of children in their mother tongue can be observed. This blend of classical language, regional language and mother tongue aims to

protect and preserve our culture. As India is moving towards digitalization, the policy suggests for online learning as an alternative to class room sessions. It will help in cutting cost and increased enrollment. The teacher education system is getting transformed under this policy for four year integrated program and subject specification with rigorous preparation.

R&D in India is at knee-high and thus effective steps towards its upliftment has been taken by government, funding for R&D work through a proposed national research fund. Professional degrees are going to be brought under one single umbrella making it clear for administration.

Reaction to this draft:

The NEP was framed in 1986 and modified in 1992. Since then several times it has been revised. The Government would like to bring out a NEP to meet the changing dynamics of the population’s requirement. The aim if Government is to make India a knowledge superpower. This will definitely enhance the implementation of the policy.

Factors affecting literacy in india:

Literacy is basically the ability of a person to read and write. An illiterate person cannot secure a good job thus forcing him to do a job with minimum salary. Due to lack of money his standard of living degrades and thus have no option left in their hands. Some of the factors of illiteracy are:-

  1. Poverty: According to UN, thirty crore people in India live in extreme poverty. Having a square meal for their family is also difficult for them. Due to lack of money they are not able to send their children to school. This lead to hierarchy of poverty and illiteracy.
  2. Population: India has second world’s largest population which also has majority of world’s illiterate population. The available resources are very few in comparison with the population.
  3. Social evils: India being a county of enormous cultures in it also has some bad rituals. These rituals need to be cutoff for development of nation.
  4. Corruptions: The corrupt people are eating the system from inside. Buttering the corruption in education system is not appreciable.
  • Gender inequality: India being a male dominant country is very gender bias. In families boy child is educated thinking they will be the successor of their family and girl child will go away after the marriage.
  • Emigration: It’s a trend to settle abroad. Literate people fly to another country and settle there. If the literate population of the country will leave then literacy rate will automatically decrease.
  • Backward thinking: Some people are very orthodox. They think that modern system of education is not good thus children of their family are deprived from education.

Conclusion: Way Forward

The Draft National Education Policy will play a crucial role in transformation of the Indian education system. It will help India in reshaping herself. However, the policy has certain sour points that need to be relooked at for the benefit of teachers and students alike. A question and answer session with public and drafter must be kept to clear the view of the policy. Thus keeping in view the intent of the drafter the policy must be implemented and executed.

This article is brought to you in collaboration with Saurabh Pramod Patil from Savitribai Phule Pune University.

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