Analysis: Change in China’s stance on Kashmir

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Beijing drops reference to UN role, calls for direct talks between India and Pakistan:

In the case of visits made by the Chinese president Xi Jinping’s to Nepal and India, the references about the role of the United Nations in the case of Kashmir was dropped by Beijing.

 Beijing has advocated direct talks between New Delhi and Islamabad. “China’s position on the Kashmir issue is consistent and clear. We call upon India and Pakistan to enhance dialogue and consultation on issues including Kashmir and consolidate mutual trust.

This is in line with the interests of both countries and common aspirations of the world’’ said the Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang, in response to a question in the company of visiting Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan and Chief of the Army Staff General Qamar Javed Bajwa.

During the visit of Pakistan prime minister Imran Khan to Beijing, the matter of Chinese president Xi Jinping’s important visit to India was ahead. The Kashmir issue should be a problem which must be resolved between Islamabad and New Delhi said the China government and also the UN and UN security council resolution must be significantly omitted, said China.

Previous stance of China: UN intervention:

The Kashmir issue was made international by the intervention of the United Nations security council in league with Pakistan on India’s revise on the change of its constitutional status.

The Kashmir issue being raised in the United Nations, the dispute should be properly addressed according to the UN charter and the Council resolutions along with the bilateral agreement said the China government.

The reason behind the upright presentation of the number of troops in Jammu and Kashmir is because both Pakistan and China have the state under territorial claims. Another major reason would be the terrorist onslaught on Jammu and Kashmir by Pakistan and China  under compulsion to save and to mount the international pressure to restrict their links. 

On the other hand, stating the acceptance of Chinese sovereignty over Tibet and India has convinced with no territorial claims on it and neither parties are engaged in terrorist activities involving any of the places. China claims that the changes made in Jammu and Kashmir due to its constitutional status, particularly in Ladakh, affected its sovereignty.

Meaning and significance of the change:

China is under the impression that it can be lithe. “We call on India and Pakistan to engage in dialogue and consultation on all issues including Kashmir issue and consolidate mutual trust. This is in line with the interest of both countries and common aspiration of the world,” Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said in Beijing.

China could use Kashmir as a trading element and they could use this as an unstiffening stance as a return. Being the relationship at stake, the China government has to preserve the sanity of the relationship between both the countries.Pakistan broadly helps the Chinese government to expand its influence in the Muslim world and Afghanistan. Thus it is difficult for China to reduce its involvement with Pakistan due to the resistance of BRI and board related suspicions which is of both sides.

China is likely to signal that it’s ready to enhance investments in a significant manner. India may further open up its market for Chinese investments, which it needs badly enough. The question is how the two countries will sell the summit to their respective public and show it as a success.

Reasons for this change: India’s Kashmir action:

China is facing enough on their eastern front and the relationship with the United States is already an open spot for trouble in its west. In this case, they might not want another troubleshot rhetorically and materially. On the same day as a fact, the Chinese foreign ministry flooded questions on a North Korean missile test and the United States department designated China as a currency manipulator.

The answers are slighter than the character of questions, which shows a spatial property between India and international in terms of China’s larger global interests. Clearly, despite its utility at the forefront of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and within the security scenario involving Afghanistan, Pakistan also can be something of a haul on China.

That said, the relation to “relevant agreements” within the Chinese statement is vital because, despite its own but exemplary record adhering to the law of nations, China has become progressively complete at using the letter of the law to its advantage in its international dealings.

International law involved:

China is making it clear that with India’s consolidation of management over Ladakh—and by extension Aksai Chin —Sino-Indian border negotiations may be getting into a brand-new part and a hardening of its position ought to be expected. Thus, China desires the resolution of the difficulty consistent with the United Nations Resolutions.


China’s aggressive effort to “internationalize” the Jammu and Kashmir issue can generate calls in the Republic of India for standing up to that. India isn’t without choices and has shown it does not keep off exploitation of them. If China is therefore aggressive on Kashmir, then nothing stops India from raking up problems like Hong Kong and Xinjian.

Tibet and Taiwan remain Chinese vulnerabilities and India would not hesitate in responding to its provocations. Gen, Bajwa apprised Chinese military leadership concerning “consequences” of the continued state of affairs in Kashmir, for whose resolution, and therefore India required to respect United Nations resolutions and make sure the human rights of Kashmiris.

-This article is brought to you in collaboration with Yazhini Ravi Kumar from Sastra University, Tamil Nadu.


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